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Immunohistochemical detection of truncated APC protein in sporadic human colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas

, : Immunohistochemical detection of truncated APC protein in sporadic human colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas. Virchows Archiv. 429(1): 21-26

Mutations of the APC gene frequently occur in sporadic forms of colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas. Phenotypically, the vast majority of these mutations result in the truncation of the APC protein. To demonstrate the defective APC gene product in human colorectal tumors, rabbit region-specific antisera raised against the APC protein of amino acid sequences between 371 and 390 (SPI) and between 1821 and 1840 (SP3) were used to exhibit the truncated APC protein. In all, 86 lesions from 67 cases of sporadic adenoma and adenocarcinoma were examined; abnormal staining patterns were distinguished in 43 lesions (50%); the incidence of abnormalities was not significantly different between adenomas and carcinomas. The majority, 75% exhibited epitopic change with the SPI-positive and SP3-negative phenotype (type P1), and 25% exhibited neither of these phenotypes (type P2). The staining pattern in all lesions was uniform, and studies of carcinomas arising in adenomas showed the same pattern of staining. These findings supported the view that the APC lesion is a very early event in colorectal carcinogenesis. Furthermore, this simple immunohistochemical approach demonstrated that different adenomas from the same patient showed different staining patterns.


PMID: 8865849

DOI: 10.1007/bf00196816

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