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Immunohistochemical expression of BCL-2 in melanomas and intradermal nevi

, : Immunohistochemical expression of BCL-2 in melanomas and intradermal nevi. Journal Of Cutaneous Pathology. 21(5): 393-397

The BCL-2 gene is the prototype of a newly described family of oncogenes involved in tumorigenesis by blocking apoptosis, or programmed cell death. Overexpression of BCL-2 protein was originally described in follicular B-cell lymphomas bearing the 14;18 translocation. BCL-2 overexpression has also been described in other lymphomas and more rarely in neoplasms outside the lymphoid tissue. The aim of this paper is to determine the immunohistochemical expression of BCL-2 in intradermal nevi and primary invasive and metastatic melanoma. Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissues from 4 cutaneous melanoma metastases, 10 primary invasive melanomas, and 10 intradermal melanocytic nevi were immunolabeled with monoclonal antibodies directed against BCL-2 protein (Dako, clone 124) and Ki-67 antigen (after antigen retrieval techniques. Morphologically normal epidermal melanocytes expressed BCL-2, as did nevi and melanomas in virtually all cells. However, whereas the labeling in normal melanocytes and nevus cells showed a uniformly strong reactivity, melanoma cells showed a variable but mainly weak reactivity. Ki-67 antigen expression was restricted to melanomas. The widespread expression of BCL-2 suggests that this oncoprotein cannot be involved in the malignant transformation of melanocytic cells. It seems likely that the decreased BCL-2 expression detected in melanomas may reflect one further step of tumor progression in melanocytic neoplasms.


PMID: 7868749

DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0560.1994.tb00278.x

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