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In situ hybridization analysis of anterior pituitary hormone gene expression during fetal mouse development


, : In situ hybridization analysis of anterior pituitary hormone gene expression during fetal mouse development. Journal Of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry. 42(8): 1117-1125

We used 35S-labeled oligonucleotides and cRNAs (riboprobes) to detect the temporal order and spatial pattern of anterior pituitary hormone gene expression in (B6CBF-1 times B6CBF-1)F-2 fetal mice from embryonic Day 9.5 (E9.5) to postnatal Day 1 (P1). Pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) mRNA was expressed in the basal diencephalon on Day E10.5, in the ventromedial zone of the pars distalis on Day E12.5, and in the pars intermedia on Day E14.5. The common alpha-glycoprotein subunit (alpha-GSU) mRNA first appeared in the anterior wall of Rathke's pouch on Day E11.5 and extended to the pars tuberalis and ventromedial zone of the pars distalis on Day E12.5. Thyroid-stimulating hormone-beta (TSH-beta) subunit mRNA was expressed initially in both the pars tuberalis and ventromedial pars distalis on Day E14.5, with an identical spatial distribution to alpha-GSU at the time. In contrast, luteinizing hormone-beta (LH-beta) subunit and follicle-stimulating hormone beta (FSH-beta) subunit mRNAs were detected initially only in the ventromedial pars distalis on Days E16.5 and E17.5, respectively, in an identical distribution to each other. POMC-, alpha-GSU-, TSH-beta, LH-beta-, and FSH-beta-positive cells within the pars distalis all increased in number and autoradiographic signal with differing degrees of spatial expansion posteriorly, laterally, and dorsally up to Day P1. POMC expression was typically the most intense and extended circumferentially to include the entire lateral and dorsal surfaces of the pars distalis. The expression of both growth hormone (GH) and prolactin (PRL) started coincidentally on Day E15.5. However PRL cells localized in the ventromedial area similarly to POMC and the glycoprotein hormone subunits, whereas GH cells were found initially in a more lateral and central distribution within the lobes of the pars distalis. Somatotrophs increased dramatically in number and autoradiographic signal, extending throughout the pars distalis except for the most peripheral layer of cells on Day E17.5. Mammotrophs also increased in number but less abundantly than somatotrophs, and PRL expression remained more confined to central-medial and ventrolateral areas of the pars distalis up to Day P1. These data demonstrate distinctive patterns of expression for each of the major anterior pituitary hormone genes during development of the mouse pituitary gland and suggest that different groups of committed cells are the immediate precursors to the terminally differentiated hormone-secreting cell types.

US$19.90

PMID: 8027530

DOI: 10.1177/42.8.8027530


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