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Increased proportion of plasma apoB-48 to apoB-100 in non-insulin-dependent diabetic rats: contribution of enhanced apoB mRNA editing in the liver

, : Increased proportion of plasma apoB-48 to apoB-100 in non-insulin-dependent diabetic rats: contribution of enhanced apoB mRNA editing in the liver. Journal of Lipid Research 36(8): 1676-1685

To assess the alteration of apolipoprotein (apo) B mRNA editing in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), we measured plasma apoB-100 and apoB-48 levels and apoB mRNA editing efficiency in the liver and intestine from GK (Goto-Kakizaki) rats, a genetically NIDDM animal. Male GK rats and control littermates, aged 25 weeks, were used in this study. Ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH)-lesioned control rats were used as hyperinsulinemic models. VMH-lesioned GK rats (GK+VMH) were treated as an insulin-exhausted NIDDM model. Plasma cholesterol and triglyceride levels were increased in GK rats. Very low density lipoprotein (VLDL)-triglyceride and low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol concentrations were significantly higher in GK rats than in controls. The increase of VLDL-triglyceride was most marked in GK+VMH rats. Plasma apoB-48 levels, quantified by immunoblot, were increased in GK rats. However, apoB-100 levels were minimally elevated in GK rats. Therefore, the apoB-48/apoB-100 ratio was remarkably increased in GK rats. ApoB mRNA editing was analyzed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction coupled with dideoxynucleotide chain termination assay. The ratio of apoB-48-type cDNA to apoB-100-type cDNA was significantly increased in the liver from GK rats compared with controls. Although the development of the VMH lesion increased plasma apoB-48 levels, it had no effect on the proportion of apoB-48-type to apoB-100-type cDNA in the liver from both GK and control littermates. ApoB mRNA in the intestine was almost totally edited (approximately 95%). Intestinal apoB-48/apoB-100 cDNA ratio showed no significant difference among the four groups. In conclusion, an enhanced apoB mRNA editing was indicated in the non-insulin-dependent diabetic rats, which might contribute to the increase of plasma apoB-48 levels.


PMID: 7595089

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