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Induction of IL-12 p40 messenger RNA expression and IL-12 production of macrophages via CD40-CD40 ligand interaction


, : Induction of IL-12 p40 messenger RNA expression and IL-12 production of macrophages via CD40-CD40 ligand interaction. Journal of Immunology 156(10): 3932-3938

The mechanism of IL-12 production has been studied by stimulating macrophages or B cell lines with LPS, Staphylococcus aureus, or phorbol diester. However, since IL-12 plays an important role in the activation of T cells interacting with APC, it is important to study the mechanism of IL-12 production induced by T helper cell-APC interaction. We and others have demonstrated that IL-12 is produced in cultures where Th1 cells are stimulated with Ag or APC. In the present experiments, we studied a role of CD40-CD40 ligand (CD40L) interaction in IL-12 production and obtained the following results: 1) incubation of normal Th1 clone with APC in the presence of Ag induced IL-12 p40 and p35 mRNA accumulation and IL-12 production, and the addition of anti-CD40L blocked the p40 mRNA accumulation and IL-12 production but not p35 mRNA accumulation; 2) when Th1 clone from a CD40L-deficient mouse was used in the incubation, p35 mRNA accumulation was induced, but neither p40 mRNA accumulation nor IL-12 production was induced; 3) CD40L+ Th1 clone, or insect cell membrane expressing mouse CD40L. induced p40 mRNA accumulation and IL-12 production but not p35 mRNA accumulation. These results indicate that the CD40-CD40L interaction plays a critical role in IL-12 p40 mRNA accumulation and bioactive IL-12 production and that p35 mRNA accumulation was regulated via a different mechanism than CD40-CD40L interaction. Most of the cells producing IL-12 were Mac-1+ macrophages.

US$19.90

PMID: 8621933

DOI: 10.1016/S0002-8223(96)00140-X


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