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Low extracellular dopamine levels are maintained in the anoxic turtle (Trachemys scripta) striatum

, : Low extracellular dopamine levels are maintained in the anoxic turtle (Trachemys scripta) striatum. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 18(7): 803-807

The uncontrolled increase of extracellular dopamine (DA) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypoxic/ischemic damage in the mammalian brain. But unlike the harmful release of excitatory neurotransmitters such as glutamate and aspartate, which occurs on brain depolarization, excessive extracellular DA levels occur even with mild hypoxia in the mammalian brain. The purpose of this study was to determine whether hypoxia/anoxia provokes a similar increase in the anoxic tolerant turtle brain. Extracellular DA was measured in the striatum of the turtle using microdialysis followed by high-performance liquid chromatography analysis. Results show that extracellular DA was held to normoxic levels over 4 hours of anoxia. Treatment with the specific DA transport blocker GBR 12909 during anoxia resulted in a significant increase in DA to 236% over basal levels. The ability to maintain low striatal extracellular DA may be an important adaptation for anoxic survival in the turtle brain; a contributing factor is the continued functioning of DA uptake mechanisms during anoxia.


PMID: 9663509

DOI: 10.1097/00004647-199807000-00010

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