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Maternal serum concentrations of pregnancy associated placental protein A and pregnancy specific beta-1-glycoprotein in multifetal pregnancies before and after fetal reduction

, : Maternal serum concentrations of pregnancy associated placental protein A and pregnancy specific beta-1-glycoprotein in multifetal pregnancies before and after fetal reduction. Human Reproduction 11(4): 900-902

Placental function in multifetal pregnancies before and after embryo reduction was investigated by measuring maternal serum concentrations of pregnancy associated placental protein-A (PAPP-A) and pregnancy specific beta-1-glycoprotein (SP-1). Three groups of pregnant women were studied following assisted reproduction; groups 1 and 2, were 12 singleton and 12 twin pregnancies respectively, and group 3 comprised 12 women with multifetal pregnancies undergoing embryo reduction. PAPP-A and SP-1 were measured serially at 8-21 weeks gestation. In all pregnancies, maternal serum PAPP-A and SP-1 increased with gestation. In twin pregnancies the mean concentrations of SP-1 were significantly higher than in singletons at all gestations, whereas for PAPP-A, concentrations were similar between these groups. In multifetal pregnancies before embryo reduction, the serum concentrations of both proteins were significantly higher than in twin pregnancies. Following reduction, the concentrations of PAPP-A remained significantly higher than for twins throughout, whereas the concentrations of SP-1 gradually converged towards those of twins; by 19 weeks there was no difference between the means of the two groups. These findings suggest that circulating concentrations of SP-1 reflect total placental mass, which is proportional to the number of live fetuses, whereas the pattern of PAPP-A changes suggests that this protein is produced by the placenta, decidua and other tissues.


PMID: 8671349

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