geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Measuring performance decrements in aviation personnel infected with the human immunodeficiency virus


, : Measuring performance decrements in aviation personnel infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 64(2): 158-164

There is controversy over whether cognitive impairment occurs in early human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease. When impairment is reported, findings are typically subclinical, affect only a minority, and their relationship to occupational functioning has not been established. Despite such findings, it has been recommended that HIV-seropositive pilots be disqualified from flying. This paper reviews research relevant to measuring performance decrements in HIV-infected aviators. Based upon current data, we conclude that although subtle neurobehavioral dysfunction may occur in some asymptomatic HIV-seropositive individuals, there is no research which has demonstrated associated decrements in aviation-related skills. Thus, it may be premature to recommend medical disqualification of all HIV-seropositive aviators. We propose, instead, that sensitive neurocognitive measures, incorporated into a comprehensive neurodiagnostic evaluation, could be used to evaluate asymptomatic HIV-seropositive aviators. Only those who are impaired on evaluation would be disqualified from flying. Concurrently, research investigating the relationship between abnormalities and aviation abilities would be conducted.

US$29.90

PMID: 8431191


Other references

Herrmann, H., 1965: Apropos Of So-Called Double Great Saphenous Vein And Its Surgical Removal With The Use Of A Locator. Zentralblatt für Phlebologie 4(1): 2-9

Lefevre T.; Bonan R.; Serra A.; Barraud P.; Crepeau J.; Dyrda I., 1990: Should we perform balloon valvuloplasty in all patients with symptomatic mitral stenosis. Circulation 82(4 SUPPL 3): III499

Martin, M.M., 1956: The diabetic at home. American Journal of Nursing 56(10): 1294-1298

Boccalon, H.J.; Marguery, M.C.; Ginestet, M.C.; Puel, P.F., 1987: Laser Doppler flowmeter and standardized thermal test in normals and Raynaud's phenomenon. The diagnosis of Raynaud's phenomenon alone requires clinical investigations. To determine the stage of the disease, its etiology and pathophysiology, it seems desirable to perform noninvasive tests. Conclusions regarding control o the skin o...

Hohman, E.E.; Martin, B.R.; Lachcik, P.J.; Gordon, D.T.; Fleet, J.C.; Weaver, C.M., 2011: Bioavailability and efficacy of vitamin D2 from UV-irradiated yeast in growing, vitamin D-deficient rats. New food sources are needed to bridge the gap between vitamin D intake and recommended intake. We assessed the bioavailability and efficacy of vitamin D in an 8 week dose-response study of bread made with vitamin D2-rich yeast compared to vitamin...

Lagowski, J.M.; Yu, M.Y.W.; Forrest, H.S.; Laird, C.D., 1973: Dispersity of repeat dna sequences in oncopeltus fasciatus an organism with diffuse centromeres. DNA of Oncopeltus fasciatus, an organism with diffuse centromeres, has been characterized by determination of its base composition, buoyant density, thermal stability, and reassociation kinetics; renatured DNA was characterized similarly. We concl...

Guiraud P., 1971: New contribution to the study of experimental syringomyelia and of slow viruses responsible for neuro spongiosis. Encephale 60(2): 124-135

Deng-Jing-Yao; Zhuang-Zhi-Meng; Zhu-Jin-Sheng, 1999: The study on dynamic characteristics of egg abundance and recruitment of penaeid shrimp (Penaeus chinesis) in the Bohai Bay. In mid-May and the beginning of August every year, the abundance indexes of both eggs/larvae and the juveniles were surveyed in the spawning sites and habitats of penaeid shrimp in the Bohai Bay, the relationship of the egg abundance index (St) an...

Fowler Sarah J.; Bohrson Wendy A.; Spera Frank J., 2004: Magmatic evolution of the Skye igneous centre, western Scotland; modelling of assimilation, recharge and fractional crystallization. The Skye igneous centre, forming part of the British Tertiary magmatic province, developed over a approximately 7 Myr period (61-54 Ma) and is characterized by a complex suite of lavas, hypabyssal and intrusive rocks of picritic to granitic compos...

Govender, T.; Dangor, C.M.; Chetty, D.J., 1997: Microencapsulated Eudragit RS30D-coated controlled-release pellets: the influence of dissolution variables and topographical evaluation. The air suspension technique was employed to prepare Eudragit RS30D-coated controlled-release pellets of salbutamol. Drug release in dissolution studies can be dependent on the dissolution method and medium used. Thus, the aim of this study was to...