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Microwave digestion methods for the determination of trace elements in brain and liver samples by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry


, : Microwave digestion methods for the determination of trace elements in brain and liver samples by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 355(2): 120-128

Two microwave digestion systems (open-focused and closed-pressurized) were tested for the mineralization of human brain and bovine liver (NIST SRM 1577a) as dissolution steps prior to the determination of 16 trace elements (Bi, Cd, Co, Cs, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Pb, Rb, Sb, Sn, Sr, Tl, and Zn) by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Digestion parameters (mass of sample, digestion mixture, and power/time steps) were optimized using temperature and pressure sensors. Digestions with the open-focused microwave system require larger volumes of conc. HNO(3) and 30% H(2)O(2) than digestions with the closed-pressurized system. Both systems produce correct results for the bovine liver samples. The concentrations obtained for the digests of the open-focused system tend to be less precise than the concentrations from the "closed-pressurized" digests. Because the "open-focused" digests must be diluted to 50 mL to bring the acid concentration to 0.7-2.0 mol/L required by the ICP-MS (closed-pressurized digests need to be diluted to only 20 mL), the detection limits for the system with the open-focused digestion are higher than for the system with the closed-pressurized digestor. The open-focused digestor cannot handle more than 150 mg brain tissue, whereas the closed-pressurized system can mineralize 470 mg. The latter method gave better results with brain tissue than the open-focused system. The preparation of brain tissue as reference material for the determination of trace elements in brain samples is described.

US$19.90

PMID: 15045434

DOI: 10.1007/s0021663550120


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