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Morphology of the midgut-hindgut juncture in the ghost shrimp Lepidophthalmus louisianensis (Schmitt) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Thalassinidea)


, : Morphology of the midgut-hindgut juncture in the ghost shrimp Lepidophthalmus louisianensis (Schmitt) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Thalassinidea). Acta Zoologica (Copenhagen). October; 744: 263-276

Unique morphological structures occur near the midgut-hindgut juncture in decapod crustaceans. and neither their fine structure nor function are well understood. In the ghost shrimp Lepidophthalmus louisianensis, structures associated with this juncture include an elongate posterior midgut caecum (PMGC) extending into the abdominal hemocoel, a massive swelling of acinar glands encasing the juncture, and a dorso-lateral valve complex involving cuticularized lumenal surfaces of the anterior hindgut. Vivisection. histological studies (LM, TEM) and paraffin-carving (SEM) have been applied to reconstruct morphology of these components and characterize constituent tissues. The lumen of the PMGC is lined by very elongate columnar cells underlain by a thin liver of circular muscle. The hemocoetic surface of the PMGC is covered by cells richly endowed with unique lamellar bodies. The acinar glands are composed of multiple rosettes of secretory cells, from which products appear to empty into the anterior extreme of the hindgut. The dorso-lateral valve complex of the hindgut consists of anterior and posterior components, differing in strength of lumenal ridging and microdentition of the cuticular lining. Unique features of these structures may relate to behavioral, feeding and metabolic adaptations in this obligate fossorial crustacean.

US$19.90

DOI: 10.1111/j.1463-6395.1993.tb01241.x


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