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Parthenium hysterophorus L.: The weed of wastelands and its management by application of allelopathy


, : Parthenium hysterophorus L.: The weed of wastelands and its management by application of allelopathy. Advances in Plant Sciences 8(1 SUPPL ): 108-114

Allelopathic influence of fifteen wasteland weeds towards germination of Parthenium were studied. Leachates of five species were found to be stimulatory and remaining ten were inhibitory to various degrees. Leachates of Xanthium strumarium (83.48%) and Datura alba (69.46%) were most inhibitory (Table I). Aqueous foliar extracts of one plant i.e. Malva sylvestris were found to be stimulatory, whereas all the remaining extracts were inhibitory. Extracts of Amaranthus viridis (100%), Datura alba (97.33%), Withania somnifera (91.3%), Tephrosia purpurea (91.17%) and Xanthium strumarium (89.92%) were most inhibitory. Aqueous extracts of inflorescence of Xanthium strumarium were absolutely inhibitory (100%).

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