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Pharmacologic myocardial protection during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty by intracoronary application of dipyridamole: impact on hemodynamic function and left ventricular performance

, : Pharmacologic myocardial protection during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty by intracoronary application of dipyridamole: impact on hemodynamic function and left ventricular performance. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 28(5): 1119-1126

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether intracoronary infusion of dipyridamole represents a suitable tool for preventing deterioration of left ventricular performance and hemodynamic function during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Background: Coronary angioplasty represents a suitable model for establishing myocardial ischemia in humans. Balloon inflation is usually accompanied by significant deterioration in left ventricular systolic and diastolic properties. A brief episode of ischemia followed by reperfusion, termed preconditioning, has been identified as a mechanism for rendering the myocardium more resistant to ischemia. Adenosine is considered an important mediator of preconditioning. Dipyridamole is an important drug that interferes with myocardial adenosine metabolism by inhibiting its cellular reuptake. Methods: In 20 patients undergoing elective coronary angioplasty of a major vessel, assessment of angiographic left ventricular performance and hemodynamic variables was performed before, during and after PTCA. Patients were randomly allocated to pretreatment with intracoronary infusion of dipyridamole before percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (10 patients) or conventional pretreatment without dipyridamole (10 patients). Results: Dipyridamole pretreatment resulted in significant preservation of systolic and diastolic left ventricular performance during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, as documented by an unaffected global ejection fraction (vs. a deterioration of 29.2% with conventional pretreatment, p lt 0.01) and an increment in diastolic stiffness of only 12.7% (vs. an increment of 57.3% with conventional pretreatment, p lt 0.01). Apart from one instance of coronary steal phenomenon, no significant side effects of dipyridamole infusion could be detected. Conclusions: It is concluded that intracoronary application of dipyridamole may result in the induction of myocardial preconditioning by improving systolic and diastolic ventricular performance during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, thereby potentially reducing the risk of the angioplasty procedure.


PMID: 8890804

DOI: 10.1016/S0735-1097(96)00307-5

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