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Reaction of lysyl oxidase with trans-2-phenylcyclopropylamine

, : Reaction of lysyl oxidase with trans-2-phenylcyclopropylamine. Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(16): 11580-5

trans-2-Phenylcyclopropylamine hydrochloride (tranylcypromine; TCP) was found to be both an inhibitor and a substrate of lysyl oxidase, the enzyme which oxidizes peptidyl lysine in elastin and collagen to initiate cross-linking in these proteins. The reaction of TCP with this enzyme was further characterized in view of the potential interference that chronic administration of this antidepressant compound may exert on the development and repair of connective tissues. In contrast to the irreversible and/or competitive inhibitors of lysyl oxidase previously described, TCP noncompetitively and reversibly inhibited the oxidation of both alkylamine and elastin substrates with K-i values of 386 and 375 mu-M, respectively. The noncompetitive mode of interaction affected the accessibility of the active site to productive amine substrates since the reductive trapping of n-hexylamine to lysyl oxidase was largely prevented by the presence of TCP. It was of additional interest that lysyl oxidase catalyzed a limited degree of conversion of TCP to cinnamaldehyde accompanied by the production of hydrogen peroxide. The lack of significant incorporation of protein-bound tritium accompanying reduction of the enzyme-TCP complex with (3H)NaBH-4 argued against the formation of a Schiff base between the enzyme and the cinnamaldehyde product as the basis of the inhibitory effect. Spectral evidence was also obtained for an additional interaction between TCP and lysyl oxidase that was independent of the inhibitory effect of TCP. Cyclopropylamine, lacking the benzene moiety of TCP, inhibited lysyl oxidase irreversibly and competitively, and was not a substrate, pointing toward a defining role for the benzene moiety in the interaction of TCP with lysyl oxidase.


PMID: 8099355

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