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Regulation of maternal IGF-I by placental GH in normal and abnormal human pregnancies


, : Regulation of maternal IGF-I by placental GH in normal and abnormal human pregnancies. American Journal of Physiology 265(4 Pt 1): E572-E577

Throughout gestation, maternal insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) increases progressively despite suppressed pituitary growth hormone (GH) secretion. We have previously shown that in normal pregnancy, a specific placental GH variant, rather than human placental lactogen (hPL), substitutes for pituitary GH in the regulation of maternal IGF-I. We studied the maternal IGF-I secretion in a cohort of 286 normal and abnormal pregnancies (617 blood samples). Regardless of pathology and gestational age, IGF-I values correlated with corresponding placental GH but not with hPL values. Similar correlations were evidenced for each 2-wk gestational period between 32 and 39 wk. In pathological pregnancies, when only those hormonal results that are obtained before any treatment are considered and diabetes is excluded, IGF-I levels were closely related to corresponding placental GH, but not to hPL. In women with a fetoplacental unit disorder, low placental GH levels resulted in low IGF-I and in a secondary pituitary GH increase, whereas in patients without detectable impairment of the fetoplacental unit normal placental GH corresponded to normal IGF-I. These results suggest that in pathological as well as in normal pregnancy, placental GH, and not hPL, substitutes for pituitary GH to regulate the maternal IGF-I secretion.

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PMID: 8238332


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