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Simultaneous isolation of human kidney cathepsins B, H, L and C and their characterisation

, : Simultaneous isolation of human kidney cathepsins B, H, L and C and their characterisation. Journal of Chromatography B Biomedical Applications 681(2): 251-262

A procedure for the simultaneous isolation of four cysteine proteinases, cathepsins B, H, L and C, from human kidney is described. The method includes concentration of the acidified homogenate by ammonium sulphate precipitation. The resuspended and dialysed precipitate was chromatographed on DEAE-cellulose DE-32, to allow separation of cathepsins H and C from cathepsins B and L. The main isoform of cathepsin H was separated from cathepsin C by cation-exchange chromatography on CM-Sephadex C-50. These two enzymes were further purified by covalent chromatography on thiopropyl Sepharose and gel permeation on Sephacryl S-200. The last step allowed separation of cathepsin C and the minor isoform of cathepsin H. Purification of the other two enzymes, cathepsins B and L, was carried out on thiol Sepharose, followed by chromatography on CM-Sepharose C-50. In this step, pure cathepsin L was obtained, while two isoforms of cathepsin B had to be finally purified on Sephacryl S-200 columns. The purity of each enzyme was analysed by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, isoelectric focusing on polyacrylamide gels and N-terminal sequencing. The activities of the purified cathepsins B, H and L were determined in terms of k-cat/K-M for three substrates, Z-Phe-Arg-MCA, Z-Arg-Arg-MCA and Arg-MCA. The method produced 25 mg of cathepsin B, 6.5 mg of cathepsin H, 1.5 mg of cathepsin L and 3.8 mg of cathepsin C from 3.5 kg of human kidney.


PMID: 8811434

DOI: 10.1016/0378-4347(95)00555-2

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