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Sister-chromatid exchanges in lymphocytes from methimazole-induced hypothyroid mice

, : Sister-chromatid exchanges in lymphocytes from methimazole-induced hypothyroid mice. Mutation Research 326(2): 193-197

The inhibitory effect of an antithyroid drug on mouse T lymphocytes was investigated. Inbred C57BL/6 mice were provided with an antithyroid drug, methimazole, for 2, 4 and 6 weeks and the in vitro responses of the lymphocytes were studied. The proliferative responses of T lymphocytes from the spleen of methimazole (MMI)treated mice significantly (p lt 0.05) decreased following concanavalin A stimulation, and the inhibitory effect became prominent with the increased duration of MMI treatment. A concomitant increase in the frequency of induced sister-chromatid exchanges was also observed in these T lymphocytes. When the splenocytes were stimulated with concanavalin A for 24 h, their ability to produce interleukin-2 (IL-2) was significantly decreased (p lt 0.05). The results indicated that methimazole interfered with the normal proliferation of T lymphocytes by suppressing the production of IL-2, a cytokine also known as T cell growth factor, as well as inducing a higher incidence of sister-chromatid exchange during cell division.


PMID: 7529884

DOI: 10.1016/0027-5107(94)00166-3

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