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Spinal cord neuron classes in embryos of the smooth newt Triturus vulgaris: a horseradish peroxidase and immunocytochemical study

, : Spinal cord neuron classes in embryos of the smooth newt Triturus vulgaris: a horseradish peroxidase and immunocytochemical study. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences 340(1291): 141-160

Spinal cord neurons were investigated in embryos of Triturus vulgaris, the smooth newt, just prior to hatching. These embryos can swim if freed from their egg membranes. Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) labelling, together with GABA and glycine immunocytochemistry (ICC), revealed nine distinct anatomical classes of neuron. 1. Ventrolateral motoneurons with mainly dorsal dendrites, sometimes a descending central axon and peripheral axon innervating the trunk muscles. 2. Dorsal primary sensory Rohon-Beard neurons innervating skin and with dorsal ascending and descending axons in spinal cord. 3. Commissural interneurons with mid-cord unipolar soma, glycine-like immunoreactivity, dendrites on initial segment of ventral axon which crosses cord to ascend or branch. 4. Dorsolateral commissural interneurons with multipolar soma in dorsolateral position with dorsal dendrites and ventral axon which crosses and ascends or branches. 5. Giant dorsolateral commissural interneurons with large dorsolateral somata widely spaced (130-250 microns spacing) with process projecting dorsally to other side, dorsolateral dendrites and ventral axon which crosses to ascend and branch. 6. Dorsolateral ascending interneurons in dorsolateral position with multipolar soma and ascending axon on same side. 7. Ascending interneurons with unipolar soma, GABA-like immunoreactivity and ascending axon on same side. 8. Descending interneurons with bi- or multi-polar soma, extensive dorsal and ventral dendrites, and descending axon on same side. They may also have ascending axons. 9. Kolmer-Agduhr cerebrospinal fluid contacting neurons with cilia and microvilli in lateral corners of neural canal. GABA-like immunoreactivity, no dendrites and ascending axon. Eight of the nine cells classes were found to bear a marked resemblance to neurons previously described in zebrafish and Xenopus embryos in terms of their anatomy, distribution and immunoreactivity to GABA and glycine. Homologies and possible functions are discussed. Giant dorsolateral commissural neurons, were not found in Xenopus or teleosts but were present in Ambystoma mexicanum and Neoceratodus. The regular, possibly segmental longitudinal distribution pattern of these cells within the cord is unusual among amphibian spinal neurons.


PMID: 8099742

DOI: 10.1098/rstb.1993.0053

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