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The association of cortical dysplasia and anterior horn arthrogryposis: A case report

, : The association of cortical dysplasia and anterior horn arthrogryposis: A case report. Brain and Development 16(6): 463-466

We describe a 21-year-old woman with neurogenic congenital contractures (arthrogryposis) of the lower limbs, normal intelligence, hyper-reflexia and partial epilepsy. MRI revealed bilateral opercular (perisylvian) cortical dysplasia with infolding of cerebral cortex, a focal neuroblast migrational disorder. This type of migrational disorder is known to have a prenatal onset after the 20th fetal week, whereas the anterior horn cell degeneration responsible of neurogenic arthrogryposis originates at 12-14 weeks of gestation. A prenatal viral infection along the neural axis during both these gestational periods or a genetic defect could be responsible for both lesions in this case.


PMID: 7694996

DOI: 10.1016/0387-7604(94)90009-4

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