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The developmental ability of human oocytes penetrated at the germinal vesicle stage after insemination in vitro

, : The developmental ability of human oocytes penetrated at the germinal vesicle stage after insemination in vitro. Human Reproduction 9(4): 697-708

This study demonstrates that sperm penetration into the ooplasm occurs at high frequency in germinal vesicle (GV) stage human oocytes which failed to resume meiosis after ovulation induction in cycles of ovarian hyperstimulation for in-vitro fertilization. The capacity of the immature human oocyte to prevent polyspermic penetration at the cell surface level was suggested by the finding that despite the presence of numerous spermatozoa within the zona pellucida and on the oocyte surface within 3 h after insemination, all normal-appearing GV stage oocytes examined in this study were penetrated by a single spermatozoon. This notion was also supported by scanning confocal microscopic analysis of oocytes double-stained for DNA and cortical granules which showed highly localized regions of cortical granule-free cytoplasm in proximity to the penetrated spermatozoon. The developmental ability of these oocytes was assessed by culture in vitro. The results show that oocytes penetrated by a spermatozoon at the GV stage resume meiosis, develop the capacity to decondense sperm DNA, abstrict both first and second polar bodies, and form a male pronucleus from. the spermatozoon which enters the oocyte prior to the resumption of meiotic maturation. After penetration, sperm nuclei rapidly migrate to the centre of the oocyte and become juxtaposed with the germinal vesicle, suggesting the presence of a cellular mechanism which permits directed movement within the cytoplasm. The developmental ability of these oocytes and the normality of the resulting embryos are discussed.


PMID: 8046026

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