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The effects of vitamin A supplementation on the morbidity of children born to HIV-infected women

, : The effects of vitamin A supplementation on the morbidity of children born to HIV-infected women. American Journal of Public Health 85(8 Pt 1): 1076-1081

Objective. The effects of vitamin A supplementation on morbidity of children born to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected women were evaluated in a population where vitamin A deficiency is not endemic. Methods. A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of vitamin A supplementation was carried out in 118 offspring HIV-infected women in Durban, South Africa. Those assigned to receive a supplement were given 50,000 IU of vitamin A at 1 and 3 months of age; 100 000 IU at 6 and 9 months; and 200, 000 IU at 12 and 15 months. Morbidity in the past month was then recalled at each follow-up visit. Analysis was based on 806 child-months. Results. Among all children, the supplemented group had lower overall morbidity than the placebo group (OR = 0.69; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.48, 0.99). Among the 85 children of known HIV status (28 infected, 57 uninfected), morbidity associated with diarrhea was significantly reduced in the supplemented infected children (OR = 0.51; 95% CI = 0.27, 0.99), whereas no effect of supplementation on diarrheal morbidity was noted among the uninfected children. Conclusion. In a population not generally vitamin A deficient, vitamin A supplementation for children of HIV-infected women appeared to be beneficial, reducing morbidity. The benefit was observed particularly for diarrhea among HIV-infected children.


PMID: 7625499

DOI: 10.2105/ajph.85.8_pt_1.1076

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