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Unusual DQA-DR haplotypes in rheumatoid vasculitis

, : Unusual DQA-DR haplotypes in rheumatoid vasculitis. British Journal of Rheumatology 32(2): 93-96

DQA and DQB variants and HLA haplotypes were defined in Caucasian subjects with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), in a rheumatoid subset characterized clinically by extra-articular features of major vasculitis, and in controls. DQ variants were defined using a panel of sequence specific oligonucleotide probes. In RA subjects without extra-articular features the frequency of DQB*0301 was significantly increased but this was secondary to the main association with DR4. In rheumatoid vasculitis by contrast, DQB*0302 rather than DQB*0301 was increased in frequency, in addition to an increase of C4A null alleles. Family studies showed that DR4 negative haplotypes had an increased frequency of unusual DR-DQA combinations as compared to other rheumatoid subsets. These findings are in keeping with the concept that genes within the MHC other than DR4 have a disease-modifying role in rheumatoid subsets. HLA haplotypes were defined in a family where the proband has RA and Felty's syndrome and an affected sister has rheumatoid vasculitis. These siblings share a DR4 bearing haplotype typing for DQB*0301, and the sister with rheumatoid vasculitis has a DR4 negative haplotype carrying a C4A null allele and an unusual DR-DQA combination.


PMID: 8428242

DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/32.2.93

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