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Uptake and translocation of bleaching herbicidal compounds in radish seedlings

, : Uptake and translocation of bleaching herbicidal compounds in radish seedlings. Pesticide Science 39(3): 169-177

The relationship between the hydrophobicity of certain herbicidal compounds and the bleaching pattern caused on radish cotyledons was investigated. Seed treatment with diphenylpyridones, as well as with established herbicides, produced three types of bleaching pattern according to their hydrophobicity. The less hydrophobic compounds caused complete bleaching of both cotyledons, but the compounds with more hydrophobicity caused only partial bleaching. The critical points for whole or partial bleaching were in the range of log K-ow 4-5 (K-ow: octanol/water partition coefficient), and these values were changed slightly with their chemical classes. Uptake of compounds into the seed coat took place rapidly; these compounds were then translocated slowly from the seed coat to the embryo, namely, radicle, abaxial surface of one cotyledon and marginal areas of both cotyledons. Application of these compounds to roots resulted in initial translocation to marginal areas of both cotyledons, with subsequent translocation to the middle area. It is believed that compounds taken up into the radicle were translocated to both cotyledons in a manner similar to that following application to roots. These effects following uptake by seeds can be used as a translaminal and lateral transport assay for bleaching herbicidal compounds in cotyledons.


DOI: 10.1002/ps.2780390302

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