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Volumetric flow estimation in vivo and in vitro using pulsed-Doppler ultrasound

, : Volumetric flow estimation in vivo and in vitro using pulsed-Doppler ultrasound. Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 22(5): 591-603

The measurement of volumetric blood flow in small vessels in vitro and in vivo poses a significant technological challenge. In this study, two pulsatile flow models were developed, one with a 3.2-mm lumen diameter and one with a 12.7-mm lumen diameter, to assess the accuracy of volumetric flow estimation of two pulsed-Doppler devices, a Crystal Biotech VF1 20-MHz system with either a cuff-mounted or a needle-mounted probe and an Advanced Technology Laboratories Ultramark 9 High Definition Imaging system with a 5-MHz linear array transducer. The VF1 volumetric flow error was measured in the 3.2-mm phantom over a variety of pulsatile and continuous waveforms. The accuracy of the VF1 was also tested in porcine femoral and renal arteries. VF1 volumetric flow error ranged from 4.8% to 54.3% in the in vivo studies. The ATL demonstrated similar volumetric flow errors in the porcine femoral artery (approximately 3.2 mm diameter), but these errors were reduced to < or = 17.4% in the 12.7-mm-diameter in vitro flow model.


PMID: 8865556

DOI: 10.1016/0301-5629(96)00046-4

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