+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Frozen chicken nuggets and strips--a newly identified risk factor for Salmonella Heidelberg infection in British Columbia, Canada

, : Frozen chicken nuggets and strips--a newly identified risk factor for Salmonella Heidelberg infection in British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Food Protection 67(6): 1111-1115

Salmonella enterica var. Heidelberg was isolated from an unusual food source during routine case follow-up, prompting a case control investigation of frozen chicken nuggets and strips. Most frozen nuggets and strips are raw; however, par-frying lends a cooked appearance. As such, suitable food preparation precautions might not be undertaken by consumers. Cases were confirmed in the laboratory between 1 January and 1 April 2003. Controls were generated through forward-digit dialing and individually matched by age category. Telephone interviews were conducted, and limited sampling of unopened product was performed. Eighteen matched pairs were interviewed. The odds of infection were 11 times higher in individuals who had consumed frozen processed chicken nuggets and strips (95% confidence interval, 1.42 < odds ratio < 85.20). One-third of cases and controls considered frozen nuggets and strips to be precooked, and one quarter used the microwave, an ill-advised cooking method. Consumer misconceptions contributed to the risk of infection. Clear labels identifying nuggets and strips as raw poultry are needed. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.


PMID: 15222535

Other references

Kershaw, R.C., 1989: A study of the caryodidae pulmonata part iii. subspecies of caryodes dufresnii leach 1815. The original figures (Tenison-Woods 1878) of Caryodes dufresnii superior Iredale 1937, Caryodes dufresnii extra Iredale 1937 and Caryodes dufresnii dertra Iredale 1937 are designated as lectotypes. The anatomy of representative specimens is descri...

Harris, G.Keith.; Shi, X., 2003: Signaling by carcinogenic metals and metal-induced reactive oxygen species. Epidemiological data indicate that exposure to metal and metalloid species, including arsenic(III), chromium(VI), and nickel(II), increases the risk of cancer, particularly of the lung and skin. Alterations in normal signal transduction as a resul...

Li, C.; Yandell, D.W.; Little, J.B., 1992: Identification of global coincident mutations in a human lymphoblast cell line. American Journal of Human Genetics 51(4 SUPPL ): A64

Zuckerman, S.; Palmer, A.; Hanson, D.A., 1950: The effect of steroid hormones on the water content of tissues. The water content of the different tissues of young female rats was measured at six-hourly intervals during the first three days following a single subcutanous injection of either alpha -oestradiol or progesterone or deoxycorticosterone acetate. A...

Xin, Y.; Yuan, X.; Shang, B.; Manning, W.J.; Yang, A.; Wang, Y.; Feng, Z., 2016: Moderate drought did not affect the effectiveness of ethylenediurea (EDU) in protecting Populus cathayana from ambient ozone. A field study was conducted to evaluate the effects of ambient ozone (O3) on an O3-sensitive poplar (Populus cathayana) by using ethylenediurea (EDU) as a chemical protectant under two soil water treatments (well-watered (WW) and moderate drought...

Lucas, Hr, 1975: Cold water cuttings. Delphiniums 3-29

Jahanian, H.; Hossein-Zadeh, G-Ali.; Soltanian-Zadeh, H.; Ardekani, B.A., 2004: Controlling the false positive rate in fuzzy clustering using randomization: application to fMRI activation detection. Despite its potential advantages for fMRI analysis, fuzzy C-means (FCM) clustering suffers from limitations such as the need for a priori knowledge of the number of clusters, and unknown statistical significance and instability of the results. We...

Anonymous, 1972: The shortwave ultraviolet lamp in scheelite prospecting. Journal of the Fluorescent Mineral Society: Pages 19-27. 1972.

Alexianu, M.; Petrovici, A.; Popa, V., 1973: Morphological data in progressive muscular dystrophy. II. Ultrastructural data. Revue Roumaine de Neurologie 10(6): 563-568

Trofimova, I.A., 1994: Early post-embryonic stages in ontogeny of cultivated species of the family Acanthaceae. Seed germination and seedling development were studied in 52 species of the Acanthaceae. In greenhouse conditions the phase between sowing and germination was divided into 4 parts lasting (1) not more than 7 days as exemplified by Ruellia lorentzi...