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Maternal transmission of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I): Intervention in an endemic area (Nagasaki, Japan)


, : Maternal transmission of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I): Intervention in an endemic area (Nagasaki, Japan). Alpe Adria Microbiology Journal 6(3): 143-149

Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) is a causative agent of a type of leukaemia, known as adult T-cell leukaemia (ATL). We identified milk-borne transmission as the major pathway for maternal infection of HTLV-I by epidemiological studies in an endemic area (Nagasaki, Japan) and animal experiments. Subsequent intervention in Nagasaki has revealed that if carrier mother refrain from breast-feeding, about 90% of maternal HTLV-I transmission can be prevented.

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