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New prospects for Agaricus bisporus strain improvement


, : New prospects for Agaricus bisporus strain improvement. Reports of the Tottori Mycological Institute 0(31): 188-200

Agaricus bisporus is the extensively cultivated 'Button Mushroom' of Western cuisine. Breeding programs directed toward strain improvement began in the 1970s, later than for almost any other vegetable crop. This delay was primarily due to the unusual reproductive biology of the species, which is secondarily homothallic. In the ensuing twenty years, considerable progress has been made in Agaricus mushroom breeding, and the rate of advance has recently accelerated. In this paper, progress in three areas essential to any modern breeding program - herein called 'Tools, Rules, and Raw Materials' - is reviewed, and prospects for the near future are discussed.

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