geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Scaling up the impact of agroforestry: Lessons from three sites in Africa and Asia


, : Scaling up the impact of agroforestry: Lessons from three sites in Africa and Asia. Agroforestry Systems 61 62 2004: 9-44

This paper assesses recent lessons in scaling up agroforestry benefits, drawing on three case studies: fodder shrubs in Kenya, improved tree fallows in Zambia and natural vegetative strips coupled with the Landcare Movement in the Philippines. Currently more than 15 000 farmers use each of these innovations. Based on an examination of the main factors facilitating their spread, 10 key elements of scaling up are presented. The key elements contributing to impact were a farmer-centered research and extension approach, a range of technical options developed by farmers and researchers, the building of local institutional capacity, the sharing of knowledge and information, learning from successes and failures, and strategic partnerships and facilitation. Three other elements are critical for scaling up: marketing, germplasm production and distribution systems, and policy options. But the performance of the three case-study projects on these was, at best, mixed. As different as the strategies for scaling up are in the three case studies, they face similar challenges. Facilitators need to develop exit strategies, find ways to maintain bottom-up approaches in scaling up as innovations spread, assess whether and how successful strategies can be adapted to different sites and countries, examine under which circumstances they should scale up innovations and under which circumstances they should scale up processes, and determine how the costs of scaling up may be reduced. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

US$19.90

DOI: 10.1023/b:agfo.0000029008.71743.2d


Other references

Ge, D.; Shi, W.; Ren, L.; Zhang, F.; Zhang, G.; Zhang, X.; Zhang, Q., 2006: Variation analysis of affinity-membrane model based on Freundlich adsorption. The variation analysis of membrane properties including membrane thickness and pore-size was carried out theoretically by using affinity-membrane model based upon the Freundlich adsorption equation. As the percentage variation of membrane thicknes...

Stowe C.H., 1975: Governmental activities affecting oil and gas exploration in the western United States. Abstracts - Society of Exploration Geophysicists International Meeting 45): 18

Kucera, M.; Lateckova, A.; Szovics, P., 2004: Improving quality of economic information systems to ensure competitive advantage for companies. A prosperous company with a goal to maintain competitiveness in a strong international environment should eliminate obsolete management methods and innovate the information system used in the company with the application of effective economic soft...

Boruff, B.J.; Nathan, A.; Nijënstein, S., 2013: Using GPS technology to (re)-examine operational definitions of 'neighbourhood' in place-based health research. Inconsistencies in research findings on the impact of the built environment on walking across the life course may be methodologically driven. Commonly used methods to define 'neighbourhood', from which built environment variables are mea...

L.C.evalier Isaad, A.; Carrara, P.; Stano, P.; Krishnakumar, K.S.; Lafont, D.; Zamboulis, A.; Buchet, Ré.; Bouchu, D.; Albrieux, F.; Strazewski, P., 2015: A hydrophobic disordered peptide spontaneously anchors a covalently bound RNA hairpin to giant lipidic vesicles. The attraction of nucleic acids to lipidic compartments is the first step for carriers of potentially inheritable information to self-organise in functionalised synthetic cells. Confocal fluorescence imaging shows that a synthetic amphiphilic pept...

Bennett P.W., 1978: Magnetite porphyroblastesis in Bushmanland calc-silicate rocks. Petros 8: 47-52

Goodman, A.L.; Nixon, W.E.; Hodgen, G.D., 1979: Between-ovary interaction in the regulation of follicle growth, corpus luteum function, and gonadotropin secretion in the primate ovarian cycle. III. Temporal and spatial dissociation of folliculogenesis and negative feedback regulation of tonic gonadotropin release after luteectomy in rhesus monkeys. This study was designed to examine effects of previous ovarian status on subsequent follicle growth and the role of between-ovary communication in the regulation of folliculogenesis and gonadotropin secretion during the primate ovarian cycle. Resp...

Kuznetsov, A.S., 1963: Venospondyiography In The Diagnosis Of Herniated Intervertebral Disk. Voprosy Neirokhirurgii 27: 23-28

Sommer, M.; Amon, D.; Schneider, M.; Woelling, A.; Kohl, K.P., 2001: Functional results after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using the patellar ligament bone-tendon-bone technique. This study evaluates the outcome after surgical repair of the cruciate ligament in 129 patients (physical examination plus questionnaire) and another 49 patients (questionnaire only) after a mean interval of 3.2 years. A modified Lysholm score and...

Sprinthall, N.A., 2010: Milgram, Kohlberg, and Dostoevsky. American Psychologist 64(7): 620-621