+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Sex, the Prisoner's Dilemma Game, and the evolutionary inevitability of cooperation

, : Sex, the Prisoner's Dilemma Game, and the evolutionary inevitability of cooperation. Journal of Theoretical Biology 189(1): 53-61

It will be a universal feature of sexual populations that individuals prefer mates with typical rather than rare characteristics--essentially because most mutations reduce fitness. This is termed koinophilia. Koinophilia will also apply to behaviour. In particular, individuals will prefer mates that behave in social interactions that follow whatever rules are common in that population. Suppose that individuals interact in situations which can be represented by the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma Game (IPD). If koinophilia is ignored, previous authors have shown that it is hard to find an evolutionarily stable strategy, and that strategies cycle indefinitely. However, if koinophilia is included, it has the effect of increasing the fitness of whatever happens to be the common strategy. This, in turn, has the effect of stabilizing almost any strategy (that has, for whatever reason, become the local norm) in the IPD. Different, partially isolated groups will thus become evolutionarily trapped in different behaviours, which are defended against alternative strategies originating through mutation or immigration. Groups that happen, by chance, to reach a cooperative strategy will be fitter, as groups, than those that reach defection (even though, in one-to-one encounters, it is the selfish individual who always wins). The ultimate result will be the replacement of selfish groups by cooperative groups.


PMID: 9398503

DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.1997.0496

Other references

Shohat B.; Faktor J.H., 1987: Immunosuppressive activity of human amniotic fluid. AJRIM (American Journal of Reproductive Immunology & Microbiology) 14(1): 6

Bube Kenneth P.; Klenke Thomas; Feudel U., 2006: An algorithm for detecting layer boundaries in sediments. In this paper we present an algorithm based on wavelet multiscale decomposition, designed to detect lines of maximal gradients in horizontal direction within two-dimensional data sets. The algorithm is capable of identifying layer boundaries withi...

Vervoort, T.; Caes, L.; Trost, Z.; Notebaert, L.; Goubert, L., 2013: Parental attention to their child's pain is modulated by threat-value of pain. The present study investigated parental attention and sensitivity to their child's pain and the moderating role of child's facial pain expressiveness and induced threat. Sixty-two parents (49 mothers; 13 fathers) of schoolchildren observ...

Coburn, A.F.; Haninger, J., 1954: The serum diphenylamine reaction in experimental arthritis. The passive Arthus arthritis in the guinea pig provides an experimental model for studying reactions comparable to those which occur in rheumatic fever. The joint swelling in the Arthus reaction is followed by tissue injury which is reflected 24 h...

Leakey, J.E.A.; Chen, S.; Manjgaladze, M.; Turturro, A.; Duffy, P.H.; Pipkin, J.L.; Hart, R.W., 1994: Role of glucocorticoids and caloric stress in modulating the effects of caloric restriction in rodents. Pierpaoli, W [Editor], Regelson, W [Editor], Fabris, N [Editor] Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences; The aging clock: The pineal gland and other pacemakers in the progression of aging and carcinogenesis 171-194

Maddock, C., 1915: Report and Statistics of the Cholera Epidemic in the Ahmednagar District for the Years 1912 and 1913. Indian Medical Gazette 50(7): 255-257

Kanakoudis,V.; Tsitsifli,S., 2010: On-going evaluation of the WFD 2000/60/EC implementation process in the European Union, seven years after its launch are we behind schedule?. Although the European Union (EU) has made some considerable progress regarding protection of water resources (tackling significant problems at national and at EU level), increased efforts are still needed to get and keep its waters clean. After 30...

Egbunike, G.N.; Holtz, W.; Endell, W.; Smidt, D., 1975: Reproductive capacity of German Landrace boars I. Gonadal and extra-gonadal sperm reserves. In 20 German Improved Landrace boars, aged 6-24 mth, weight of the right and left testes averaged 227.32 and 237.02 g resp., and total epididymal weight averaged 104.94 g. The number of testicular spermatozoa averaged 40.74 X 109, and that of epid...

Jarrold, K., 2014: Case history diagnosis, treatment and care plan for the national health service in England in 2011. Transactions of the Medical Society of London 127: 39-40

Genty, Dominique, 1993: Seasonal alternations in the internal structure of stalagmites Importance for the reconstitution of continental palaeoenvironments. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences Serie II Mecanique-Physique-Chimie Sciences de l'Univers Sciences de la Terre 317(9): 1229-1236