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Tachykinin-related neuropeptides in the central nervous system of the snail Helix pomatia: An immunocytochemical study

, : Tachykinin-related neuropeptides in the central nervous system of the snail Helix pomatia: An immunocytochemical study. Brain Research 661(1-2): 223-236

The distribution of neurons reacting with an antibody raised against an insect neuropeptide, locustatachykinin I, was investigated in the CNS of the snail Helix pomatia. The localization of the neurons was compared with that of the substance P-like immunoreactive (SPLI) neurons in the different ganglia. Altogether, there are approximately 800-1000 locustatachykinin-like immunoreactive (LomTKLI) neurons in the Helix CNS, occurring with an overwhelming dominancy (83.5%) in the cerebral ganglia. Within the cerebral ganglia, the majority of LomTKLI neurons were localized in the procerebrum. The number of SPLI neurons was high; approximately 2000 SPLI nerve cells were found in the Helix CNS. The majority (44.5%) of SPLI neurons was also found in the cerebral ganglia and they were also concentrated in the procerebrum. The neuropils of all ganglia were densely innervated by both LomTKLI and SPLI fibers except the medullary mass of the procerebrum where only SPLI elements form an extremely dense innervation. In addition to the neutrophil processes, LomTKLI neurons sent axon processes to the peripheral nerves. SPLI fibers also formed a dense network of varicose fibers in the connective tissue sheath around the ganglia where they innervated the blood vessel walls too. Immunolabeling on alternating cryostat sections revealed that LomTKLI and SPLI neurons are localized near each other in most cases; co-localization of the two immunoreactive materials could be seen in a very small number of neurons of the pedal and pleural ganglia. The present results show that the Helix CNS possesses distinct neuronal populations using different tachykinin-related peptides. It is suggested that the differential distribution of these neuropeptides also implies a diversity in their central and peripheral functions.


PMID: 7834373

DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(94)91199-1

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