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The parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related peptide receptor coordinates endochondral bone development by directly controlling chondrocyte differentiation


, : The parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related peptide receptor coordinates endochondral bone development by directly controlling chondrocyte differentiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 95(22): 13030-13035, Oct 27

During vertebrate limb development, growth plate chondrocytes undergo temporally and spatially coordinated differentiation that is necessary for proper morphogenesis. Parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP), its receptor, the PTH/PTHrP receptor, and Indian hedgehog are implicated in the regulation of chondrocyte differentiation, but the specific cellular targets of these molecules and specific cellular interactions involved have not been defined. Here we generated chimeric mice containing both wild-type and PTH/PTHrP receptor (-/-) cells, and analyzed cell-cell interactions in the growth plate in vivo. Abnormal differentiation of mutant cells shows that PTHrP directly signals to the PTH/PTHrP receptor on proliferating chondrocytes to slow their differentiation. The presence of ectopically differentiated mutant chondrocytes activates the Indian hedgehog/PTHrP axis and slows differentiation of wild-type chondrocytes. Moreover, abnormal chondrocyte differentiation affects mineralization of cartilaginous matrix in a non-cell autonomous fashion; matrix mineralization requires a critical mass of adjacent ectopic hypertrophic chondrocytes. Further, ectopic hypertrophic chondrocytes are associated with ectopic bone collars in adjacent perichondrium. Thus, the PTH/PTHrP receptor directly controls the pace and synchrony of chondrocyte differentiation and thereby coordinates development of the growth plate and adjacent bone.

US$19.90

PMID: 9789035

DOI: 10.1073/pnas.95.22.13030


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