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A genetically tractable model of human glioma formation

, : A genetically tractable model of human glioma formation. Cancer Research 61(9): 3556-3560

Gliomas remain one of the deadliest forms of cancer. Improved therapeutics will require a better understanding of the molecular nature of these tumors. We, therefore, mimicked the most common genetic changes found in grade III-IV gliomas, disruption of the p53 and RB pathways and activation of telomere maintenance and independence from growth factors, through the ectopic expression of the SV40 T/t-Ag oncogene, an oncogenic form of H-ras (H-ras(V12G)), and the human telomerase catalytic subunit hTERT in normal human astrocytes. The resulting cells displayed many of the hallmarks of grade III-IV gliomas, including greatly expanded life span and growth in soft agar and, most importantly, were tumorigenic with pathology consistent with grade III-IV neuroectodermal tumors in mice. This model system will, for the first time, allow the biological significance of selected genetic alterations to be studied in human gliomas.


PMID: 11325817

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