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Activation of Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) current by nordihydroguaiaretic acid in porcine coronary arterial smooth muscle cells

, : Activation of Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) current by nordihydroguaiaretic acid in porcine coronary arterial smooth muscle cells. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 291(1): 140-146

The effects of nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA), a lipoxygenase inhibitor and an antioxidant, on membrane currents were examined in single smooth muscle cells isolated from porcine coronary artery. Spontaneous transient outward currents (STOCs) recorded at -30 mV were markedly enhanced by NDGA (>/=10 microM). Pretreatment with caffeine and ryanodine abolished STOCs and reduced NDGA-induced increase in outward current at -30 mV by approximately 60%. NDGA showed dual action on an outward current elicited by step depolarization from -60 to 0 mV: inhibition and enhancement at concentrations of 3 and >/=10 microM, respectively. In the presence of Cd(2+), the inhibition of outward current by NDGA disappeared and the enhancement remained. NDGA inhibited both the voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channel current (IC(50) = 2.5 microM) and the delayed rectifier K(+) current (IC(50) = 9.8 microM). The NDGA-induced enhancement of STOCs and outward currents on depolarization was abolished by 100 nM iberiotoxin but was not affected by glibenclamide or apamin. Under current clamp mode, 30 microM NDGA significantly hyperpolarized myocytes. The application of lipoxygenase inhibitors (caffeic acid and esculetin), a cyclooxygenase inhibitor (indomethacin), antioxidants (ascorbic acid and erythorbic acid), and structural-related compounds of NDGA (catechol and dopamine) did not enhance K(+) currents. These results indicate that the opening of the large conductance Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) channel by NDGA, which is independent of its lipoxygenase inhibition or antioxidant effect, results in membrane hyperpolarization.


PMID: 10490897

DOI: 10.1038/sj.onc.1202896

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