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An algorithm for rapid calculation of a probabilistic functional atlas of subcortical structures from electrophysiological data collected during functional neurosurgery procedures

, : An algorithm for rapid calculation of a probabilistic functional atlas of subcortical structures from electrophysiological data collected during functional neurosurgery procedures. NeuroImage 18(1): 143-155, January

The paper introduces an optimal algorithm for rapid calculation of a probabilistic functional atlas (PFA) of subcortical structures from data collected during functional neurosurgery procedures. The PFA is calculated based on combined intraoperative electrophysiology, pre- and intraoperative neuroimaging, and postoperative neurological verification. The algorithm converts the coordinates of the neurologically most effective contacts into probabilistic functional maps taking into account the geometry of a stimulating electrode. The PFA calculation comprises the reconstruction of the contact coordinates from two orthogonal projections, normalizing (warping) the contacts modeled as cylinders, voxelizing the contact models, calculating the atlas, and computing probability. In addition, an analytical representation of the PFA is formulated based on Gaussian modeling. The initial PFA has been calculated from the data collected during the treatment of 274 Parkinson's disease patients, most of them operated bilaterally (487 operated hemispheres). It contains the most popular stereotactic targets, the subthalamic nucleus, globus pallidus internus, and ventral intermedius nucleus. The key application of the algorithm is targeting in stereotactic and functional neurosurgery, and it also can be employed in human and animal brain research.


PMID: 12507451

DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2002.1299

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