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Asparagine deamidation in recombinant human lymphotoxin: hindrance by three-dimensional structures

, : Asparagine deamidation in recombinant human lymphotoxin: hindrance by three-dimensional structures. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 92(4): 869-880

The chemical stability of recombinant human lymphotoxin (rhLT) was evaluated at pH 7, 9, and 11 and 40 degrees C using quantitative tryptic map and urea-IEF methods. Degradation products were characterized by mass spectrometry. The stability of denatured rhLT protein was also evaluated to elucidate the effects of three-dimensional structures on Asn deamidation in rhLT. Two sites that underwent Asn deamidation were identified in rhLT, Asn(19) and Asn(40)-Asn(41). At pH 11 and 40 degrees C, deamidation at Asn(19) and Asn(40)-Asn(41) had half-lives of 14 +/- 4 and 80 +/- 24 days, respectively. Upon denaturation, 31- and ninefold acceleration in the degradation rates was observed at the Asn(19) and Asn(40)-Asn(41) sites, respectively. The rate of Asn(19) degradation in denatured rhLT was comparable to that of the model peptide possessing the same primary sequence as the Asn(19)-containing region in rhLT. Analysis of the rhLT crystal structure revealed that both Asn deamidation sites were located in beta-turn structures with extensive hydrogen-bonding networks created with nearby residues in the tertiary structures. The results suggested that these tertiary and secondary structures, if held true in solution, were probably responsible for the stabilization of Asn in the native rhLT protein by reducing flexibility, thus preventing adoption of the favorable conformation required for cyclic-imide formation.


PMID: 12661072

DOI: 10.1002/jps.10342

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