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Biodistribution and antitumour efficacy of long-circulating N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide copolymer-doxorubicin conjugates in nude mice

, : Biodistribution and antitumour efficacy of long-circulating N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide copolymer-doxorubicin conjugates in nude mice. European Journal of Cancer 37(1): 131-139

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the molecular weight (mol. wt) of N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymer-doxorubicin (DOX) conjugates (P-DOX) on biodistribution and therapeutic efficacy in nu/nu mice bearing human ovarian carcinoma OVCAR-3 xenografts. Copolymerisation of HPMA, a polymerisable derivative of DOX (N-methacryloylglycylphenylalanylleucylglycyl doxorubicin) and a newly designed crosslinking agent, N(2),N(5)-bis(N-methacryloylglycylphenylalanyl-leucylglycyl)ornithine methyl ester monomers resulted in novel, high mol. wt, branched, water-soluble P-DOX containing lysosomally degradable oligopeptide sequences as crosslinks and side-chains terminated in DOX. Four conjugates with mol. wt of 22, 160, 895 and 1230 kDa were prepared. The results indicated that the half-life in blood and the elimination rate from the tumour were up to 28 times longer and 25 times slower, respectively, for P-DOX (mol. wt=1230 kDa) than for free DOX. Treatment with P-DOX (mol. wt > or = 160 kDa) inhibited tumour growth more efficiently than that of 22 kDa P-DOX or free DOX (P<0.02) at a 2.2 mg/kg DOX equivalent dose. In conclusion, the administration of long circulating P-DOX resulted in enhanced tumour accumulation with a concomitant increase in therapeutic efficacy.


PMID: 11165140

DOI: 10.1016/s0959-8049(00)00374-9

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