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Biodistribution and bioactivity of tetra-pegylated meta-tetra(hydroxyphenyl)chlorin compared to native meta-tetra(hydroxyphenyl)chlorin in a rat liver tumor model

, : Biodistribution and bioactivity of tetra-pegylated meta-tetra(hydroxyphenyl)chlorin compared to native meta-tetra(hydroxyphenyl)chlorin in a rat liver tumor model. Photochemistry and Photobiology 71(2): 211-217

It has been proposed that the construction of a photosensitizer-polymer conjugate would lead to an increased selective retention of the drug in tumor tissue resulting in an enhancement of selective tumor destruction by light in photodynamic therapy. In this study the kinetics of a tetra-pegylated derivative of meta-tetra(hydroxyphenyl)chlorin (mTHPC-PEG) were compared with those of native meta-tetra(hydroxyphenyl)chlorin (mTHPC) in a rat liver tumor model. In addition, the time course of bioactivity of both drugs was studied in normal liver tissue. Pegylation of mTHPC resulted in a two-fold increase in the plasma half-life time, a five-fold decrease in liver uptake and an increase in the tumor selectivity at early time intervals after drug administration. However, although mTHPC concentrations in liver decrease rapidly with time, mTHPC-PEG liver concentrations increased as a function of time. This led to a loss of tumor selectivity at all but the earliest time points, whereas with mTHPC tumor selectivity increased with time. For both drugs the time course of bioactivity in the liver parallels drug concentration levels with extensive necrosis after irradiation of mTHPC-PEG-sensitized liver tissue up to drug-light intervals of 120 h. It is concluded that on balance mTHPC-PEG does not appear to show any benefits over native mTHPC for the treatment of liver tumors, as normal liver tissue accumulates the compound. However, pegylation is a potentially promising strategy with an increase in tumor selectivity and reduced liver uptake if accumulation in the liver can be prevented.


PMID: 10687396

DOI: 10.1562/0031-8655(2000)0710211babotp2.0.co2

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