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Caveolae, caveolin and cav-p60 in smooth muscle and renin-producing cells in the rat kidney

, : Caveolae, caveolin and cav-p60 in smooth muscle and renin-producing cells in the rat kidney. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 179(2): 179-188

Aims: In vascular smooth muscle cells caveolae are important for signalling mechanisms regulating vascular contraction. In smooth muscle layer of the renal afferent arteriole juxtaglomerular cells (JG cells) are non-contractile renin producing cells that have the capacity to change their phenotype into smooth muscle cells and back again by metaplastic transformation. Signalling mechanisms in JG cells are not fully understood and we therefore investigated if caveolae were present, and thereby could be involved as integrators of cellular signalling in both of these phenotypes of smooth muscle cells. Methods: Using electron microscopy we compared the number of caveolae in JG cells and smooth muscle cells in the afferent arteriole of the rat kidney. The expression of caveolin and cav-p60 was examined using a combination of immunogold electron microscopy and immunofluorescence microscopy. Results: We found that JG cells have sixfold less caveolae per cell surface sectional length than smooth muscle cells. The expression of cavolin-1 and cav-p60 correlated with the number of caveolae. An examination of the general distribution of caveolae, cav-p60 and caveolins in the rat kidney showed that cav-p60, like caveolin-1, is a specific maker of caveolae. Conclusion: The number of caveolae in JG cells is very low, and this makes it unlikely that caveolae are of major importance for the renin secretion specific for JG cells.


PMID: 14510782

DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-201X.2003.01183.x

Other references

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