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Cerebral blood flow predicts lesion growth in acute stroke patients

, : Cerebral blood flow predicts lesion growth in acute stroke patients. Stroke 33(10): 2421-2425

Background and Purpose: We sought to study the role of MRI-derived cerebral blood flow (CBF) measurements for the prediction of lesion development in acute stroke patients. Methods: Thirty-two patients were treated with tissue plasminogen activator. Diffusion-weighted (DWI) and perfusion-weighted MRI, T2-weighted imaging, and MR angiography were performed before treatment (2.8+-0.9 hours after symptom onset) and on follow-up (days 1 and 7). CBF thresholds (12 and 22 mL/100 g per minute) were applied to bolus tracking MRI maps to determine predictive cutoff levels. Results: In 21 patients (group A), the terminal lesion volume (T2-weighted imaging) was larger than the initial DWI lesion volume (89+-93 versus 21+-38 mL). In 11 patients (group B), the terminal lesion volume was smaller than the initial DWI lesion volume (7+-27 versus 15+-29 mL). The initial DWI lesion volume did not differ between both groups. The presence of a tissue volume gtoreq50 mL with a CBF value ltoreq12 mL/100 g per minute was predictive for lesion enlargement to day 7 in T2-weighted imaging (positive predictive value, 0.80). Conclusions: The presence of a tissue volume gtoreq50 mL with a CBF value ltoreq12 mL/100 g per minute predicts further lesion growth in hyperacute stroke patients. MRI-derived CBF values, with all their present limitations, are valuable in early estimation of prognosis of stroke patients.


PMID: 12364732

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