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Comparative physiology and biochemistry of rat and rabbit urinary bladder

, : Comparative physiology and biochemistry of rat and rabbit urinary bladder. BJU International 85(4): 519-525, March

Objective To compare directly the biochemistry and contractile responses of rat and rabbit bladder to different stimuli. Materials and methods Sexually mature male New Zealand White rabbits and Sprague Dawley rats were compared. Each bladder was excised while the animal was anaesthetized; longitudinal bladder strips were cut and then mounted in an organ bath. Tension (2 g) was placed on all strips and each underwent field stimulation (FS) for a total of 20 s at 1-32 Hz, 1 ms and 80 V and was exposed to carbachol (100 mumol/L), ATP (2 mmol/L) and KCl (120 mmol/L). The tension was monitored continually using a polygraph and data stored digitally in a computer. The responses to each stimulus were determined as the maximum tension generated, oaximum rate of tension generation and duration to a maximum response. The Ca2+-ATPase activity of the rat and rabbit bladder was determined. Bladder pressures were then predicted from the strip data using Laplace's law and compared with published values. Results Contractile responses (per unit tissue mass) of rat bladder strips were significantly greater than those of rabbit bladder strips at all frequencies of FS and to carbachol, KCl and ATP. The rate of contractile force generated by rat bladder strips in response to all stimuli were significantly greater than that generated by rabbit strips. Rabbit bladder strips took significantly longer to generate maximum tension than did rat bladder strips in response to pharmacological stimuli. In response to FS, rat strips took significantly longer than rabbit strips to generate maximum tension. Although the predicted rat bladder pressures were significantly greater than those for rabbit, the predicted pressures for both the rat and rabbit were significantly lower than the pressure responses of the isolated whole bladder model. The contractile data correlated well with the Ca2+-ATPase activity data; rat bladder had seven times the enzyme activity of rabbit bladder. Conclusion Per unit mass, rat bladder is capable of generating more than five times the tension of rabbit bladder. Similarly, the rate of tension generation by rat bladder is three to five times greater than that by rabbit bladder. The duration to maximum tension generated in response to FS compared with pharmacological stimuli was affected by the inherent difference in the rate of contractile response to electrical activation compared with agents which diffuse through tissue, and by the difference in size between rat and rabbit bladder smooth muscle cells.


PMID: 10691837

DOI: 10.1046/j.1464-410x.2000.00444.x

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