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Damage to DNA primary structure and antioxidant enzymes in Lemna minor induced by Hg2+


, : Damage to DNA primary structure and antioxidant enzymes in Lemna minor induced by Hg2+. Zhiwu Shengtai Xuebao 27(3): 299-303, May

The damage to Lemna minor cells induced by Hg2+ was studied in this article. Most damage occurred to DNA primary structure and changes in antioxidant enzyme activities were investigated by using RAPD and DNA ladder methods. The results showed that obvious damage to DNA was found in the process of apoptosis induced by 5-10 mgcntdotL-1 Hg2+, and 20 mgcntdotL-1 Hg2+ had already caused necrotic injury. The RAPD method was the more sensitive of the two methods, and so could be considered as an important method for monitoring apoptosis. The results also indicated that reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidant enzymes are involved in the process of apoptosis. The activities of antioxidant enzymes could be stimulated to eliminate active oxygen by exposing the Lemna minor to low Hg2+ concentration; the cells declined rapidly when ROS were unable to be eliminated effectively.

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