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Determination of amino acids by ion-exchange chromatography on filter paper spotted blood samples stored at different temperatures and for different periods: comparison with capillary and venous blood

, : Determination of amino acids by ion-exchange chromatography on filter paper spotted blood samples stored at different temperatures and for different periods: comparison with capillary and venous blood. Clinical Biochemistry 34(5): 399-406

Objective: To determine whether the well-established filter paper spotted blood method used for the determination of some amino acids could be reliably used to measure all amino acids and whether amino acid results thus obtained are reproducible and comparable to the results obtained by measuring plasma amino acids in either capillary or venous blood. Methods: This is a prospective study in which blood samples from a finger-prick were collected in capillary tubes and at the same time blotted on filter papers; another sample was taken from a vein, from 19 healthy volunteers aged between 18 and 24 yr after a strict 12-h overnight fast. Another 9 healthy adult volunteers provided blood samples on filter papers for the storage study; 9 samples were analyzed immediately; 9, 8 and 4 samples were stored at -20degreeC, -4degreeC and room temperature respectively and analyzed after 14 days; 8 samples stored at -20degreeC were analyzed after 4 weeks. Results: Intra-sample reproducibility in the filter paper blood from the same individual was found to be mostly less than 20%, while for the capillary blood was less than 5%. The greatest variability was in cystine and methionine. There was no significant difference between results obtained from capillary blood and from venous blood, but there was a significant difference between amino acid concentrations in venous and capillary blood on the one hand and filter paper blood on the other. Storage at different temperatures and for a varied period of time showed little change except in serine, glutamate, ornithine, histidine, cystine and methionine. There was a 30% decrease in concentrations of most amino acids in filter paper blood when compared to capillary or venous blood probably because of loss in the extraction process. Conclusion: A new set of values for amino acids in filter paper blood in normal individuals is presented. Blood spotted filter paper could be used to screen practically all inborn errors of amino acid metabolism.


PMID: 11522278

DOI: 10.1016/s0009-9120(01)00244-2

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