geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Ectonucleotidases: Some recent developments and a note on nomenclature


, : Ectonucleotidases: Some recent developments and a note on nomenclature. Drug Development Research 52(1-2): 44-56, Jan-Feb

Extracellular nucleotides such as ATP, ADP, UTP, UDP, and also diadenosine polyphosphates act as signaling molecules and can be inactivated by hydrolysis via ectonucleotidases. A considerable number of surface-located enzymes can potentially be involved in the extracellular hydrolysis pathway. These include the E-NTPDase family (ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase family), the E-NPP family (ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase family), ecto-5'-nucleotidase, and alkaline phosphatases. In addition, activity of ectonucleoside diphosphokinase can interconvert extracellular nucleotides, and ATP can be used as a cosubstrate of ectoprotein kinase in the phosphorylation of surface-located proteins. Members of the various ectonucleotidase families reveal overlapping substrate specificity and tissue distribution whose functional significance needs to be further elucidated. Considerable progress has been made in the past several years in characterizing novel enzyme species and their molecular and functional properties. First knock-out mice reveal insight into physiological processes governed by the activity of specific ectonucleotidases. Together this work has led to a deeper understanding of the pathways of extracellular nucleotide metabolism, including their interplay with P2 and P1 receptors or also other physiological mechanisms.

US$19.90

DOI: 10.1002/ddr.1097


Other references

Semenov, D.V.; Kanyshkova, T.G.; Buneva, V.N.; Nevinsky, G.A., 1999: Human milk lactoferrin binds ATP and dissociates into monomers. The physiological role of lactoferrin (LF) is still unclear, but it has been suggested to be responsible for primary defence against microbial infections. Many different unique functions have been attributed to LF, including DNA and RNA binding, a...

Lee J L.; Young P.S.; Mickelson J.C.; Dees J.G., 1977: Radiation effects on pneumococcus proteus pseudomonas and staphylococcus aureus. Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences 22(SUPPL): 90

Aspíroz, M.C.; Sáenz, M.C., 1996: Is HVH-8 the etiologic agent for Kaposi's sarcoma?. Enfermedades Infecciosas Y Microbiologia Clinica 14(9): 569-570

Legrand, J.; Hervouet, F., 1964: Glaucoma In Aphakic Patients. Bulletin des Societes D'ophtalmologie de France: Suppl:i-Cxv

Geiermann, A-Skrollan.; Micura, R., 2016: Native Chemical Ligation of Hydrolysis-Resistant 3'-NH-Cysteine-Modified RNA. Hydrolysis-resistant RNA-peptide conjugates that contain a 3'-NH linkage between the adenosine ribose and the C-terminal carboxyl group of a peptide moiety instead of the natural ester mimic acylated tRNA termini. Their detailed preparation t...

Ray, A.; Tatter, S.B.; Santhanam, U.; Helfgott, D.C.; May, L.T.; Sehgal, P.B., 1989: Regulation of expression of interleukin-6. Molecular and clinical studies. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 557: 353-61; Discussion 361-2

Tibbit, L.R., 1979: A critical look at geriatrics in a teaching hospital: Part I. The situation. A survey of the admission and discharge patterns of geriatric patients admitted to Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, during July and August 1978 was conducted. The findings highlight a lack of methodology in the economic use of beds, a lack of re...

Wiggins R.C.; Konat G.W., 1991: Regulation of myelin gene expression in c6 cells. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts 17(1-2): 551

Hao, Z.; Yin, Y.; Cao, D.; Liu, J., 2017: Probing and Comparing the Photobromination and Photoiodination of Dissolved Organic Matter by Using Ultra-High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry. Photochemical halogenation of dissolved organic matter (DOM) may represent an important abiotic process for the formation of natural organobromine compounds (OBCs) and natural organoiodine compounds (OICs) within surface waters. Here we report the...

Hiepe, T.; Grunwoldt, J., 1965: The incidence of Fasciola hepatica in cattle with special reference to findings at meat inspection. Liver flukes were present in 156 of 420 slaughtered cattle, an incidence of 37'14%. Among those which had been kept on pasture, incidence was 71.74%. Most of the infected cattle had less than 100 flukes.