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Edible insects of the state of Mexico and determination of their nutritive values

, : Edible insects of the state of Mexico and determination of their nutritive values. Anales del Instituto de Biologia Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico Serie Zoologia 69(1): 65-104

In the State of Mexico we recorded 104 species of edible insects species, included in ten orders of the Insecta class, the most consumed belonging to Hymenoptera, Orthoptera, Hemiptera and Coleoptera. The majority of the species were analyzed in order to know their nutritive value, making emphasis in their protein content. The percentage of proteins varies from 9.45 to 77.13% corresponding to Myrmecosistus melliger (Hymenoptera-Formicidae) and to Melanoplus mexicanus (Orthoptera-Acrididae), respectively. We also discuss their protein quality comparing the values obtained against the FAO/WHO/UNU, 1985 pattern their digestibility, and the quantity of B group vitamins, mineral salts and energy that they supply to the diet of the different ethnic groups settled there.


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