geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Education and acute coronary syndromes: results from the CARDIO2000 epidemiological study


, : Education and acute coronary syndromes: results from the CARDIO2000 epidemiological study. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 80(5): 371-377

Objective: As a measure of socioeconomic status, low educational level is positively associated with the risk of developing adverse health events. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the level of education and the risk of developing non-fatal acute coronary syndromes. Methods: During 2000 and 2001, 1619 randomly selected subjects from several regions of Greece were entered into a case-control study. Of these, 750 were patients with their first acute coronary heart syndrome event, and 869 were hospitalized controls with no cardiovascular disease in their medical history. Trends in cardiovascular risk factors were then examined across patient and control educational level by years of schooling. Findings: In both patients and controls, education status was related to economic and occupation status, smoking habits, physical inactivity, alcohol consumption and non-compliance to treatment. After adjusting for these and other conventional risk factors, as well as for the effects of age and sex, we found that coronary risk increases by 82% (odds ratio (OR)=1.82, P<0.05) for individuals with a lower level of education, and by 65% (OR=1.65, P<0.05) for individuals with an average education, compared to those with an academic education. Conclusions: Although the least-educated subjects adopted a more adverse lifestyle than the more-educated subjects, the inverse association between education and coronary risk was independent from such factors. The inverse association may be due to psychosocial differences, and prospective cohort studies are needed to confirm or refute these results.

US$29.90

PMID: 12077612


Other references

Jékely, Gáspár., 2003: Small GTPases and the evolution of the eukaryotic cell. The origin of eukaryotes is one of the major challenges of evolutionary cell biology. Other than the endosymbiotic origin of mitochondria and chloroplasts, the steps leading to eukaryotic endomembranes and endoskeleton are poorly understood. Ras-f...

Sumner, H.; Herzog, G.; Chandler, L., 1991: A direct injection sprayer for application of oil-formulated pesticides. Paper er 1991 (911055)

Pech-Amsellem, M.A.; Myara, I.; Storogenko, M.; Demuth, K.; Proust, A.; Moatti, N., 1996: Enhanced modifications of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) by endothelial cells from smokers: a possible mechanism of smoking-related atherosclerosis. The aim of the study was to investigate LDL modifications by cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) from women smokers and non-smokers. Modifications of LDL by HUVEC were studied by determining the values of thiobarbituric acid-re...

Tremblay M.; Rooke R.; Geluziunas R.; Sullivan A.; Wainberg M.A., 1989: Mechanism of lysis and resistance in a new human t cell line following infection with human immunodeficiency virus type 1. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry Supplement (13 PART B): 294

Wang C.C.Pan C.H., 1933: On the oil geology of north Shensi. 20: 65-82 1933

Salehi, H.; Ransom, C.B.; Oraby, H.F.; Seddighi, Z.; Sticklen, M.B., 2005: Delay in flowering and increase in biomass of transgenic tobacco expressing the Arabidopsis floral repressor gene FLOWERING LOCUS C. FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC), a gene from Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. that acts as a flowering repressor, was expressed in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. 'Samsun'). Five putative transgenic lines were selected and examined for the presenc...

Borzani, W.; Vairo, M.L.; Gregori, R.E.; Magalhaes, M.M.; Chueiri, L.B., 1976: The experimental characterization of a steady state in a continuous fermentation test. During the growth of yeast in a continuous culture, simultaneous steady and transient states were observed depending on the parameter (cell concentration, sugar concentration and dissolved O2 concentration) selected to define the system's beh...

Stefan Grab, 1997: Thermal regime for a thufa apex and its adjoining depression, Mashai Valley, Lesotho. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 8(4): 437-445

Thole H.; Jakob F., 1989: Differentiation between unspecific binders and antibodies against the estradiol receptor in goat igg 1. Acta Endocrinologica Supplementum 120(1): 157-158

Holmes, H.; Rodnight, R., 1978: Protein phosphorylation as a possible mechanism in neuronal adaptation. Biochemical Society Transactions 6(5): 863-865