+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Educational differences in excessive alcohol consumption: the role of psychosocial and material stressors

, : Educational differences in excessive alcohol consumption: the role of psychosocial and material stressors. Preventive Medicine 29(1): 1-10

Background. Socioeconomic differences in health are determined mainly by socioeconomic differences in unhealthy behavior. Little is known, however, about the mechanisms that account for socioeconomic differences in unhealthy behavior, such as excessive alcohol consumption. In this paper we examined educational differences in excessive alcohol consumption in The Netherlands and whether these may be explained by educational differences in experienced stress and stress-moderating factors. Methods. Data were obtained from the baseline survey of the Longitudinal Study on Socio Economic Health Differences in 1991. Excessive drinking was defined as drinking more than six glasses on 3 or more days a week or more than four glasses on 5 or more days a week. Socioeconomic status was indicated by educational level. Stressors were divided into psychosocial and material factors. Analyses were performed for women (n = 756) and men (n = 1,006) separately, among drinkers only. Results. Excessive alcohol consumption was more common among lower educational groups. Material stressors, such as financial problems, deprivation, and income, were related to part of the educational gradient in excessive alcohol consumption. Differences in stress-moderating factors were not related to the educational gradient in excessive drinking. Conclusions. Our results suggest that improvement of material conditions among the lower educational groups could result in a reduction of socioeconomic differences in excessive alcohol consumption.


PMID: 10419792

DOI: 10.1006/pmed.1999.0496

Other references

Poux N., 1969: Localization of enzyme activity in cells of the root meristem of cucumis sativus d part 2 peroxidase activity. Journal de Microscopie (Paris) 8(7): 855-866

Pastorino, Guido, 1995: Recent coastal mollusks of Puerto Piramide, Chubut, Argentina. The collection of intertidal invertebrates in Puerto Piramide (Chubut, Argentina) during 1989-1993 provided 41 species of mollusks including 17 gastropods, 21 bivalves, 2 polyplacophorans, one cephalopod, and one species of brachiopod. Each specie...

Schaller G., 1992: Egg production diseases in aviaries depending on cage management. Norsk Veterinaertidsskrift 104(7): 559-564

Gowda, M.B.; Seetharam, A.; Gowda, B.T.S., 2000: Possibilities of combining high protein content with high grain yield in finger millet. F2 and F3 populations of finger millet [Eleusine coracana] crosses WR13 x GE1409 and WR13 x GE1546 were grown during kharif of 1993 and 1994, respectively, and evaluated for protein content, grain yield and 4 yield components. Data were subjected...

Coe R.S.; Mertz K.A.J.; Pettit R.L., 1984: Paleomagnetic results from dolomite rocks of the Monterey Formation, Arroyo Seco area, California. Field Trip Guidebook - Pacific Section, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists 41: 215

Ohshita, T., 2012: Basic examination of an imagecharacteristic in Multivane. Deterioration in the image because of a patient's movement always becomes a problem in the MRI inspection. To solve this problem, the imaging procedure named Multivane was developed. The principle is similar to the periodically rotated overla...

Vargovitsh, R.S., 2016: Arrhopalites potapovi sp. nov. (Collembola, Symphypleona) from Russia. A new springtail species of the family Arrhopalitidae, Arrhopalites potapovi sp. nov., is described. It belongs to the caecus species group characterized by 3,2,1,1,1 anterior setae on dens and separates from Arrhopalites caecus (Tullberg) and oth...

Delgado, P.Gabriel.Godinho., 2015: The challenge of production of knowledge on the Brazilian psychiatric reform process. Ciencia & Saude Coletiva 20(2): 312-312

Zhu, D-bing.; Huang, J-ming.; Li, Z-xia.; Hong, J-wu.; Bai, S-min.; Chen, S-feng., 2005: Effects of silverionized drinking water on lipids metabolism in tail-suspended rats. To study the effect of silverionized drinking water on erythrocyte membrane fluidity, serum lipids and vascular endothelial cells in tail-suspended rats. Thirty male SD rats were randomly divided into ground control group (GC), simulated weightles...

Harbich, R.H., 1969: Ein anomales Zahlverhaltnis zwischen Mannchen und Wiebchen bei einer Zucht Celerio euphorbiae x Pergesa elpenor. Atalanta Munnerstadt, 2: 223-224