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Efeito das plantas do algodoeiro e do tomateiro, como complemento alimentar, no desenvolvimento e na reproducao do predador Podisus nigrispinus (Dallas) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae)


, : Efeito das plantas do algodoeiro e do tomateiro, como complemento alimentar, no desenvolvimento e na reproducao do predador Podisus nigrispinus (Dallas) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). Neotropical Entomology 31(1): 101-108

The occasional feeding on plants by Podisus nigrispinus (Dallas) has produced different responses on its biology according to the plant species available. This study was undertaken to determine the development and reproduction of P. nigrispinus when confined on Gossypium hirsutum cv. Precocious CNPA1 and processing tomato Lycopersicum esculentum cv. IPA5 plants, using Tenebrio molitor (L.) pupa as prey. Nymphs and adults of P. nigrispinus were provided with prey and plants of cotton, prey and plant of tomato, prey and water, and only the prey. The predator could access the plants by caging nymphs and prey on plant leaves cultivated in pots. Nymphs caged on cotton or tomato plants with prey showed shorter duration of second and fifth instars. However, the shortest development period was observed for nymphs caged on cotton plants with prey. Nymphs fed on prey alone had lower survival within each instar and for the whole stage when compared to nymphs accessing plant, prey and water. The availability of cotton plants to nymphs produced heavier individuals compared to tomato plants, prey and water, and only prey. The adult weight at emergence was similar between plants and prey plus water, and superior to the treatment with prey alone. However, females of P. nigrispinus with access to the prey and cotton plant and prey and water showed significant body weight increase at the beginning of the reproductive activity, while females confined on tomato plants and only on prey did not range their weight during their lives. The availability of cotton and tomato plants to P. nigrispinus increased the number of eggs produced and adult longevity; moreover the former plant promoted higher oviposition frequency. Based on the results on net reproduction rate, intrinsic rate of increase and generation time, calculated for P. nigrispinus, the populations improved according to the plant species available and showed better response when confined with prey on cotton plants, followed by tomato plants. Also, insects fed on water plus prey developed better than those fed only on the prey.

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