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Expression and analysis of green fluorescent proteins in human embryonic kidney cells by capillary electrophoresis


, : Expression and analysis of green fluorescent proteins in human embryonic kidney cells by capillary electrophoresis. Analytical Biochemistry 268(2): 262-269

The green fluorescent protein (GFP) has attracted much interest as a reporter for gene expression. In this paper, application of capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescent (CE-LIF) for quantitation of green fluorescence protein in cellular extracts and single cells is investigated. The S65T mutant form of GFP protein was successfully expressed in human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells, and its production was confirmed by fluorescence microscopy and CE-LIF. The mass limit of detection for the mutant S65T was 5.3 x 10(-20) mol, which was better than that for the wild-type GFP by a factor of six. Detection of a small amount of GFP is difficult by conventional techniques such as fluorescent microscopy due to interference from cell autofluorescence at low GFP concentrations. The HEK293 cells were transfected with the GFP plasmid that produced S65T-GFP. Transient production of S65T protein was detected 2 h after the transfection and reached a maximum after 48 h. The protein concentration began to decrease significantly after 96 h. Single cell analysis of HEK293 cells after transfection with GFP plasmid indicate a nonuniform production of S65T-GFP protein among cells.

US$19.90

PMID: 10075816

DOI: 10.1006/abio.1998.2975


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