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Idarubicin overcomes P-glycoprotein-related multidrug resistance: Comparison with doxorubicin and daunorubicin in human multiple myeloma cell lines

, : Idarubicin overcomes P-glycoprotein-related multidrug resistance: Comparison with doxorubicin and daunorubicin in human multiple myeloma cell lines. Leukemia Research 23(6): 539-548, June

The clinical utility of anthracyclines like doxorubicin (DOX) and daunorubicin (DNR) for treatment of multiple myeloma (MM) is limited by the occurrence of multidrug resistance (MDR). Highly lipophilic anthracyclines like idarubicin (IDA) might circumvent MDR and thereby enhance chemotherapeutic efficacy. To determine the efficacy of IDA in myeloma cells, the pharmacokinetics and cytotoxicity of IDA and its major metabolite idarubicinol (IDAol) were compared with those of DNR, DOX, and doxorubicinol (DOXol) in the cell line RPMI 8226-S and two MDR sublines (8226-R7 and 8226-Dox40) that overexpress the drug transporter P-glycoprotein (Pgp). Cytotoxicity assays using MTT (viability) or annexin V (apoptosis) showed a 10-50-fold higher potency of IDA compared with DNR or DOX in the MDR variant cell lines. The difference in cytotoxicity was lower in the sensitive parental cell line (3-fold). These results are explained by a better intracellular uptake of IDA compared to DNR in resistant 8226 cell lines. The Pgp-inhibitor verapamil affected IDA uptake only in the most resistant cell line 8226-Dox40. This indicates that IDA is less sensitive than DNR to transport-mediated MDR. IDAol was at least 32-fold more cytotoxic than DOXol, and more susceptible to Pgp transport than IDA. These studies demonstrate that the efficacy of IDA in MDR MM cell lines is superior to that of DOX or DNR, and that IDA may become an important drug in the treatment of MM, especially in refractory disease.


PMID: 10374847

DOI: 10.1016/s0145-2126(99)00041-7

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