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Identification of zeta-crystallin/NADPH:quinone reductase as a renal glutaminase mRNA pH response element-binding protein


, : Identification of zeta-crystallin/NADPH:quinone reductase as a renal glutaminase mRNA pH response element-binding protein. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(24): 21375-21380

Increased renal ammoniagenesis and bicarbonate synthesis from glutamine during chronic metabolic acidosis facilitate the excretion of acids and partially restore normal acid-base balance. This adaptation is sustained, in part, by a cell-specific stabilization of the glutaminase mRNA that leads to an increased synthesis of the mitochondrial glutaminase. A direct repeat of an 8-base AU sequence within the 3'-nontranslated region of the glutaminase mRNA binds a unique protein with high affinity and specificity. Expression of various chimeric mRNAs in LLC-PK(1)-FBPase(+) cells demonstrated that a single 8-base AU sequence is both necessary and sufficient to function as a pH response element (pH RE). A biotinylated oligoribonucleotide containing the direct repeat was used as an affinity ligand to purify the pH RE-binding protein from a cytosolic extract of rat renal cortex. The purified binding activity retained the same specific binding properties as observed with crude extracts and correlated with the elution of a 36-kDa protein. Microsequencing by mass spectroscopy and Western blot analysis were used to identify this protein as zeta-crystallin/NADPH:quinone reductase. The purified protein contained eight tryptic peptides that were identical to sequences found in mouse zeta-crystallin and three peptides that differed by only a single amino acid. The observed differences may represent substitutions found in the rat homolog. A second protein purified by this protocol was identified as T-cell-restricted intracellular antigen-related protein (TIAR). However, the purified TIAR neither bound nor affected the binding of zeta-crystallin/NADPH:quinone reductase to the pH RE. Furthermore, specific antibodies to zeta-crystallin, but not TIAR, blocked the formation of the complex between the pH RE and either the crude cytosolic extract or the purified protein. Thus, zeta-crystallin/NADPH:quinone reductase is a pH response element-binding protein.

US$19.90

PMID: 11294877

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M101941200


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