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Liquid chromatography studies on the pharmacokinetics of phentermine and fenfluramine in brain and blood microdialysates after intraperitoneal administration to rats

, : Liquid chromatography studies on the pharmacokinetics of phentermine and fenfluramine in brain and blood microdialysates after intraperitoneal administration to rats. Journal of Chromatography B 791(1-2): 291-303, 5 July

A highly sensitive and simple HPLC method with fluorescence detection for the determination of phentermine (Phen), fenfluramine (Fen) and norfenfluramine (Norf, the active metabolite of Fen) in rat brain and blood microdialysates has been developed. The brain and blood microdialysates were directly subjected to derivatization with 4-(4,5-diphenyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl) benzoyl chloride (DIB-Cl) in the presence of carbonate buffer (0.1 M, pH 9.0) at room temperature. The chromatographic conditions consisted of an ODS column and mobile phase composition of acetonitrile and water (65:35, v/v) with flow rate set at 1.0 ml/min. The detection was performed at excitation and emission wavelengths of 325 and 430 nm, respectively. Under these conditions, the DIB-derivatives of Phen, Fen and Norf were well separated and showed good linearities in the studied ranges (5-2000 nM for Phen and 10-2000 nM for Norf and Fen) with correlation coefficients greater than 0.999. The obtained detection limits were less than 23 fmol on column (for the three compounds) in both brain and blood microdialysates at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3 (S/N=3). The intra- and the inter-assay precisions were lower than 10%. The method coupled with microdialysis was applied for a pharmacokinetic drug-drug interaction study of Phen and Fen following individual and combined intraperitoneal administration to rats. In addition, since the role of protein binding in drug interactions can be quite involved, the method was applied for the determination of total and free Phen and Fen in rat plasma and ultrafiltrate, respectively. The results showed that Fen and/or Norf significantly altered the pharmacokinetic parameters of Phen in both blood and brain but did not alter its protein binding. On the other hand, there was no significant difference in the pharmacokinetics of Fen when administered with Phen.


PMID: 12798189

DOI: 10.1016/s1570-0232(03)00231-9

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